Wisdom Race

Science and Technology

1. Introduction to Science and Technology
2. The Advantages of Technology in the Business World
3. Supporting scientists through mobile applications

Sponsored by https://ideas500k.com/

1. Introduction to Science and Technology

Science:
Our knowledge of the natural world and the process through which that knowledge is built. The process of science relies on the testing of ideas with evidence gathered from the natural world.

Technology:
Designed innovations that serve some practical function. Science and technology frequently contribute to one another — with scientific advances leading to the design of new technologies, and new technologies enabling new observations or tests that advance scientific knowledge.

To understand what science is, just look around you. What do you see? Perhaps, your hand on the mouse, a computer screen, papers, ballpoint pens, the family cat, the sun shining through the window …. Science is, in one sense, our knowledge of all that — all the stuff that is in the universe: from the tiniest subatomic particles in a single atom of the metal in your computer’s circuits, to the nuclear reactions that formed the immense ball of gas that is our sun, to the complex chemical interactions and electrical fluctuations within your own body that allow you to read and understand these words. But just as importantly, science is also a reliable process by which we learn about all that stuff in the universe.

Science helps satisfy the natural curiosity with which we are all born: why is the sky blue, how did the leopard get its spots, what is a solar eclipse? With science, we can answer such questions without resorting to magical explanations. And science can lead to technological advances, as well as helping us learn about enormously important and useful topics, such as our health, the environment, and natural hazards. Without science, the modern world would not be modern at all, and we still have much to learn. Millions of scientists all over the world are working to solve different parts of the puzzle of how the universe works, peering into its nooks and crannies, deploying their microscopes, telescopes, and other tools to unravel its secrets.

Science and technology are constantly shaping our world. Most of the technology that we use today would not exist had scientific discoveries not preceded them

Research in science has paved to many brilliant inventions and discoveries. Technology runs in the veins of society: automation of processes in industry and in the household, changed modes of transport, reduced risk to human life, computer technology, cellular communication, satellite communication, and much more. Study and development in these fields at the onset of the digital age are essential for the overall evolution of mankind.

The more scientific-literate individuals there are in a modern society, the stronger the society can be. Humanity must understand the order and logical picture of nature to exploit its potentialities. It also leads to the creation of new technology that can improve our quality of life on many different levels – from routine workings of our everyday lives to global issues. Modern people depend on technology to live their lives.

The way human species thrive is by the collective activity of people applying their skill sand ways of thinking.

Natural World – all the components of the physical universe around us like atoms, plants, ecosystems, people, societies, and galaxies, as well as the physical forces at work on those things. Elements of the natural world (as opposed to the supernatural) can be investigated by science.

Science can be fun and is accessible to everyone. Anyone can become a scientist.

What is science?

The word “science” probably brings to mind many different pictures: a fat textbook, white lab coats and microscopes, an astronomer peering through a telescope, a naturalist in the rainforest, Einstein’s equations scribbled on a chalkboard, the launch of the space shuttle, bubbling beakers …. All of those images reflect some aspect of science, but none of them provides a full picture because science has so many facets:

Science is a global human endeavor. People all over the world participate in the process of science. And you can too!

What has science done for you lately?

Plenty. If you think science doesn’t matter much to you, think again. Science affects us all, every day of the year, from the moment we wake up, all day long, and through the night. Your digital alarm clock, the weather report, the asphalt you drive on, the bus you ride in, your decision to eat a baked potato instead of fries, your cell phone, the antibiotics that treat your sore throat, the clean water that comes from your faucet, and the light that you turn off at the end of the day have all been brought to you courtesy of science. The modern world would not be modern at all without the understandings and technology enabled by science.

To make it clear how deeply science is interwoven with our lives, just try imagining a day without scientific progress. Just for starters, without modern science, there would be:

* no way to use electricity. From Ben Franklin’s studies of static and lightning in the 1700s to Alessandro Volta’s first battery to the key discovery of the relationship between electricity and magnetism, science has steadily built up our understanding of electricity, which today carries our voices over telephone lines, brings entertainment to our televisions, and keeps the lights on.

* no plastic. The first completely synthetic plastic was made by a chemist in the early 1900s, and since then, chemistry has developed a wide variety of plastics suited for all sorts of jobs, from blocking bullets to making slicker dental floss

* no modern agriculture. Science has transformed the way we eat today. In the 1940s, biologists began developing high-yield varieties of corn, wheat, and rice, which, when paired with new fertilizers and pesticides developed by chemists, dramatically increased the amount of food that could be harvested from a single field, ushering in the Green Revolution. These science-based technologies triggered striking changes in agriculture, massively increasing the amount of food available to feed the world and simultaneously transforming the economic structure of agricultural practices.

* no modern medicine. In the late 1700s, Edward Jenner first convincingly showed that vaccination worked. In the 1800s, scientists and doctors established the theory that many diseases are caused by germs. And in the 1920s, a biologist discovered the first antibiotic. From the eradication of smallpox, to the prevention of nutritional deficiencies, to successful treatments for once deadly infections, the impact of modern medicine on global health has been powerful. In fact, without science, many people alive today would have instead died of diseases that are now easily treated.

Scientific knowledge can improve the quality of life at many different levels — from the routine workings of our everyday lives to global issues. Science informs public policy and personal decisions on energy, conservation, agriculture, health, transportation, communication, defense, economics, leisure, and exploration. It’s almost impossible to overstate how many aspects of modern life are impacted by scientific knowledge.

Discovery: The spark for science :

“Eureka!” or “aha!” moments may not happen frequently, but they are often experiences that drive science and scientists. For a scientist, every day holds the possibility of discovery — of coming up with a brand new idea or of observing something that no one has ever seen before. Vast bodies of knowledge have yet to be built and many of the most basic questions about the universe have yet to be answered:

We don’t know the complete answers to these and an overwhelming number of other questions, but the prospect of answering them beckons science forward.

EVERYDAY SCIENCE QUESTIONS

Scientific questions can seem complex (e.g., what chemical reactions allow cells to break the bonds in sugar molecules), but they don’t have to be. You’ve probably posed many perfectly valid scientific questions yourself: how can airplanes fly, why do cakes rise in the oven, why do apples turn brown once they’re cut? You can discover the answers to many of these “everyday” science questions in your local library, but for others, science may not have the answers yet, and answering such questions can lead to astonishing new discoveries. For example, we still don’t know much about how your brain remembers to buy milk at the grocery store. Just as we’re motivated to answer questions about our everyday experiences, scientists confront such questions at all scales, including questions about the very nature of the universe.

Think science!

You might imagine that scientific thinking differs from the sorts of reasoning tools that you use in your everyday life — that scientists go around with a head full of equations through which they view the world. In fact, many aspects of scientific thinking are just extensions of the way you probably think everyday:

These might seem like trivial examples, but in fact, they represent scientific habits of mind applied to an everyday situation. Scientists use such ways of thinking to scrutinize their topics of study — whether that’s human behavior or neutron stars — and you can use the same tools in your own life.

Want to develop your scientific outlook? Try to consciously apply these habits of mind to the natural world around you:

In terms of answering your original questions, some of these strategies are bound to be dead ends. At the end of the day, you’ll have learned a lot but may still be without solid answers. And if so, congratulations — you’re really thinking like a scientist! Scientific investigations, like your own exploration, often lead in unexpected directions and lack tidy endpoints. Nevertheless, these ways of thinking illuminate the world around us in ways that are often useful and always fascinating, revealing the inner workings of our everyday experiences — whether that’s a walk past a garden, a moonlit night, or just doing a load of laundry.

Benefits of science

The process of science is a way of building knowledge about the universe — constructing new ideas that illuminate the world around us. Those ideas are inherently tentative, but as they cycle through the process of science again and again and are tested and retested in different ways, we become increasingly confident in them. Furthermore, through this same iterative process, ideas are modified, expanded, and combined into more powerful explanations. For example, a few observations about inheritance patterns in garden peas can — over many years and through the work of many different scientists — be built into the broad understanding of genetics offered by science today. So although the process of science is iterative, ideas do not churn through it repetitively. Instead, the cycle actively serves to construct and integrate scientific knowledge.

And that knowledge is useful for all sorts of things: from designing bridges, to slowing climate change, to prompting frequent hand washing during flu season. Scientific knowledge allows us to develop new technologies, solve practical problems, and make informed decisions — both individually and collectively. Because its products are so useful, the process of science is intertwined with those applications:

New scientific knowledge may lead to new applications.
For example, the discovery of the structure of DNA was a fundamental breakthrough in biology. It formed the underpinnings of research that would ultimately lead to a wide variety of practical applications, including DNA fingerprinting, genetically engineered crops, and tests for genetic diseases.
New technological advances may lead to new scientific discoveries.
For example, developing DNA copying and sequencing technologies has led to important breakthroughs in many areas of biology, especially in the reconstruction of the evolutionary relationships among organisms.

Potential applications may motivate scientific investigations.
For example, the possibility of engineering microorganisms to cheaply produce drugs for diseases like malaria motivates many researchers in the field to continue their studies of microbe genetics ”

Source of info:

https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/think_science
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/whathassciencedone_01
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/whatisscience_02
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/intro_01
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/glossary/glossary.php?start=s&end=z
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/think_science
https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/howscienceworks_18

2. The Advantages of Technology in the Business World

Technology offers businesses many growth opportunities.

”For businesses, investing in technology can bring a host of advantages. As computers have increased in power and decreased in price, the benefits of a ] electronics in the workplace have even become available to small businesses. No matter the industry, a company can take advantage of these advances in technology to increase profits, streamline processes and open up new markets.

Productivity

One of the biggest advantages technology offers businesses is gains in productivity. Computers have allowed employees to collaborate effectively, even across great distances, and the adoption of mobile computing devices like laptops and tablets enables employees to work almost anywhere. Technology has also led to the automation of many mundane business tasks, freeing workers to concentrate on duties that are more important or to supervise the operation of efficient machines.

Communication

Technology also offers businesses great gains in communication. Cell phones and other mobile devices keep workers connected and easily locatable wherever they go, reducing the time it takes to enact a meeting. The Internet offers a wealth of communication opportunities, allowing companies to host meetings online, even allowing video content and virtual whiteboards to share information. Companies who take advantage of the global network also find themselves operating in markets around the world, free to serve customers and patronize suppliers anywhere in the world.

Information Technology

Technology also offers substantial advantages for businesses, especially when it comes to information storage and analysis. Scanning business documents into a database can vastly reduce the amount of storage space required for recordkeeping, and these electronic documents are much easier to search than their physical counterparts. Information tools can also greatly increase a company’s ability to work with stored data, allowing analysts to quickly identify business trends and locate areas where a company might improve its bottom line.

Reduced Costs

One way in which these advantages add up is by reducing business expenses. Increases in productivity allow companies to do more with fewer workers, reducing payroll costs normally spent on repetitive but necessary business duties. Advances in communication can reduce travel costs, allowing executives from far-flung branches to confer over the Internet instead of meeting at a physical location. Data storage can reduce warehousing costs, since entire rooms full of documents can fit on a single hard drive. In addition, the analysis and computation abilities of modern machines can bring their own savings, allowing engineering firms to model virtual prototypes before building them or enabling a company to simulate the effects of a proposed change in their business model before making costly alterations.

The most reliable way of learning about the universe, both natural and artificial, is through learning science. It provides us with logical, factual, and generally rational explanations of our objective reality. The knowledge that scientists gather can then be taken by engineers, doctors, and others and put to use. 

Development at any phase is always linked with technology and technology happens when there is advancement in science. Hence science, technology and development are all proportional to each other.

Development is required in every individual to every nation in all aspects and for development to happen, science and technology go hand in hand. Basically, science is known as the study of knowledge, which is made into a system and depends on analyzing and understanding facts. Technology is basically the application of this scientific knowledge.

For any successful economy, particularly in today’s quest for knowledge based economies, science, technology and engineering are the basic requisites. If nations do not implement science and technology, then the chances of getting themselves developed become minimal and thus could be even rated as an undeveloped nation. Science and Technology is associated in all means with modernity and it is an essential tool for rapid development.

Modernization in every aspect of life is the greatest example of the implementation of science and technology in every nation. With the introduction of modern gadgets in every walk of life, life has become simple and this is possible only because of implementing science and technology together. Without having modern equipment in all sectors, be it in medicines, infrastructure, aviation, electricity, information technology or any other field, the advancement and benefits that we face today would not have been possible. 

A nation that is not able to prosper on these grounds would never be able to sustain the lives there and may have to solely depend on other nations for the basic requirements. Such is the influence of science and technology for the development of a nation.

For every nation to get developed, the application of both science and technology has to go hand in hand. Villages are developed into towns and towns to cities and cities are expanding to greater horizons. This expansion has occurred through the expansion of science and technology over the years passed and will be more in the coming years.

Today, countries are classified as developed and developing countries. The major categorization is based on the economy and the application of science and technology. If carefully analyzed, one gets to understand that countries that have a strong base in science and technology are the ones that developed faster. A few examples are of countries like Russia, Japan, Brazil, China, India and many more.

It is estimated by the World Bank that seven of the ten largest economies of the world by 2020 would be in Asia, China, Japan, India, Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, and Taiwan. A few decades ago, these countries were known to have poor policies, low discipline and no advancement and then with the introduction of science and technology in an effective manner, they have made ripples across the globe.

The role that science and technology has played in improving the life conditions across the globe is vivid, but the benefit has to been harvested maximum by all countries. Science and technology have made life a lot easier and also a lot better with the advancement of medicines and analysis on diseases. Apart from the medical side, there has been remarkable development in education, communication, agriculture, industry, etc. the global economic output has increased 17 folds in the 20th century. In spite of the advancements in almost all sectors, still the world is not free from hunger, disease, pollution, illiteracy and poverty. The gap between the rich and the poor has widened. By the21st century, with the right applications of research, development, and implications of science and technology a major difference could be brought about.

It goes without saying that, a nation’s development and prosperity are judged to a large extent by the status of science and technology of that nation. A scientifically unsophisticated society means an underdeveloped nation in all sectors. It is easily understood when analyzing that countries like Japan and the USA who invest a decent amount for research and development are in the highest stratum of development whereas countries like Nepal who invest very less amount in research and development remain in the lowest ladder of development.

Without proper implementation of science and technology, no nation could grow and all those nations that were labelled as low in growth have proved where they stand today and all that has happened only because of science and technology.

We as citizens of the nation and who hold equal responsibility for the growth should equip our youth with all possible facilities for their research thirst and support and motivate them, as the future of our nation is in their hands and they could get our nation to more advanced levels than what it is today.

The major developments in science and technology generally derive from curiosity-driven research and these developments have had over time great impact on the national interest, enriching the country with whole new industries and making contributions to the health, welfare, comfort and security of society.

If there is any instrument you must fall in love with and fetishize, it is the human brain – the most miraculous, awe-inspiring, information-processing tool devised in the known universe, with a complexity we can’t even begin to fathom, and with dimensional powers that far outstrip any piece of technology in sophistication and usefulness.”

Source of info:
https://itstillworks.com/technology-affects-business-operations-1659.html
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=4144
https://www.scribd.com/document/432219722/Development-at-Any-Phase-is-Always-Linked-With-Technology-and-Technology
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/uncategorized/the-role-of-science-and-technology-in-future-design
https://books.google.lv/books?id=dRglAwAAQBAJ&pg=PT124&lpg=PT124&dq=if+there+is+any+instrument+you+must+fall+in+love+with+and+fetishize+it+is+the+huma+brain&source=bl&ots=_vrinFao_n&sig=ACfU3U0k5bOIbfF65le4Pj3POCR-Bl7gBQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjgyN7p7bfnAhVpwosKHbEmCM8Q6AEwAHoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=if%20there%20is%20any%20instrument&f=false

3. Supporting scientists through mobile applications

Albert Einstein had his first scientific experience at the age o five when his father gave him a pocket compass. It was the first time Albert had gotten hold of a magnetic compass, and it stirred his intellect. The young boy was impressed at the fact that regardless of which way the case was turned, the needle always pointed in the direction of the magnetic north. ”A wonder,” he thought. It must be acted upon by an invisible force that existed in space – the space that had, at that time, been considered empty.

It was evident enough for Albert that there was ”something behind things, something deeply hidden.” There began Albert Einstein’s journey down a road of exploration that he would follow the rest of his life. ”I have no special gift,” he would say. ”I am only passionately curious.”

Encourage interest in science. Strengthen the engine of discovery and innovation.

The Wisdom Race can educate, encourage and essentially inspire the budding generation of scientists.

Curiosity is the active ingredient for new discoveries in the fields of science and technology.

The way the human species thrive is by the collective activity of people supplying their skills and ways of thinking. I believe it is important to encourage people today to pursue the study of nature if they genuinely find it interesting. The more science-literate the individuals are, the stronger their society can be.

Building scientific knowledge leads to the creation of new technologies that can improve the quality o life on many different levels – from the routine workings of our everyday lives to global issues. No matter if it’s the smartphone in your pocket, the car in your driveway, or the computer system at work, modern people depend on technology to live their lives.

Science is everywhere, so understanding it lays a great foundation for success in today’s world.

The most reliable way of learning about the universe, both artificial and natural, is through learning science. It provides us with logical, factual, and generally rational explanations of our objective reality. The knowledge that scientists gather can then be used by engineers, doctors, and others to propel the engine of prosperity.

I believe that clear, informative, interactive and fun mobile applications depicting natural philosophy (science) on macro and micro levels will prove to be a good source for feeding curious minds worldwide. I see it as a catalyst to encourage genuine interest in today’s most important fields.

I envision these mobile applications to reach hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. Encouraging the next thriving scientists to pursue remarkable discoveries and progress in the exploration of nature – from the widest expanses of the cosmos to the innner most recesses of constitution matter!

One great discovery can change everything!

The mobile application will leave a lasting impression upon everyone’s curiosity, and curiosity is the key ingredient amongst all scientists.